How has history treated Captain Langsdorff?
He was a known to be professional naval officer first and foremost, and a man of honour. He was proud of the fact that, although he had quite legally fired on the merchant ships which continued to transmit on their radios after being told to cease, his campaign against merchant ships had been conducted without the loss of a single life.
As Professor Eric Grove has written. “Langsdorff was a good man fighting for a bad cause. Harwood was a good man fighting for a good cause”.